Station 4, description

The genre of thematic maps showing a specific historical time or period emerged as early as the Renaissance. At first, cartographers focussed on classical antiquity. During the 18th century, they started to produce maps of medieval and early modern times. This map represents an attempt by Livonian teacher Wilhelm Christian Friebe (1761-1811) to depict the political situation of the northern Baltic region during the High Middle Ages based on the Livonian Chronicle by Henry of Latvia (ca. 1181/88-after 1259). Friebe published several works on Baltic history and economy. The map’s frame is as interesting as the map itself. In its lower left corner, Johann Wilhelm Krause (1757-1828), later professor of Economics and Architecture at the University of Dorpat, portrays the Baltic native population as rough warriors who, in the lower right corner, have to submit to a Christian bishop and members of a military order. Accordingly, the allegory of Justice present in the Cartouche finds the cross to weigh heavier than “Rights of the Nation”.

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